Elderberry – Sambucus mexicana  

There are many native plants available as material for conservation plantings.




Coast Live Oak – great habitat for insect-eating birds: An Oak on Every Farm!

Two-year-old Coast Live Oaks planted every 25-feet apart with shrubs between, in sheep pasture


Coast Live Oak, Ceanothus ‘Dark Star”, Black Sage


Ceanothus: Many varieties, short, medium tall; many flowers, great for beneficials

Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ – very tall

Black Sage (Salvia mellifera)

California sage (Artemisia californica) – in the Sunflower family


California sage – Artemisia californica  


Sugarbush – Rhus ovata


Quailbush/Saltbush – very rigorous


Quailbush/Saltbush – Atriplex lentiformis


California fuschia

Fuschia in hedgerow


Flannelbush – Fremontodendron californicum


Manzanita – hardy shrub


Coyote brush (Baccharis piularis) – Strong, a survivor; host for many beneficial insects and wasps


Yarrow and Penstemon in hedgerow


Perennial vs. Annual Grass Roots

Perennial grasses in drainage ditch


From eroding ditch to grassed waterway



Leaving grasses in drainage as wildlife corridor


Deergrass – likes wet areas


Deergrass – Large native bunchgrass



Hedgerows and grassed waterways are increasingly being planted on farms and can have multiple functions: they can serve as habitat for beneficial insects, pollinators and other wildlife; provide erosion protection and weed control; stabilize waterways; serve as windbreaks; reduce non-point source water pollution and groundwater pollution; increase surface water infiltration; buffer from pesticide drift, noise, odors, and dust; act as living fences and boundary lines; increase biodiversity; and provide an aesthetic resource.